Top 10 Most Beautiful Tropical Rainforests
Tropical rainforests are forests that have environmental value to our planet. It provides us with shelter and oxygen turnover. However, most of the rainforests are endangered because of progressive industrialization that leads to destruction of these forests. It also provides natural balance in our eco system. Current studies that deforestation is one of the major cause of global warming. Below is the list of top 10 most beautiful tropical rain forests around the world.
The Congo Basin Forest
This forest serves as the second largest rainforest in the world. It covers a total of six countries including Cameroon, Central Africa, Democratic Republic and Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea and Gabon. This rainforest stands for 70% of the entire continent vegetation and in consists of approximately 600 various species of trees and about 10,000 different types of animals. This rainforest was endangered from deforestation in the continent as its trees are being cut down to be used for commercial and industrial establishments. It was cleared for farming purposes too. After the civil war in the region, people living in it have been forced to encroach and live inside the rainforest.
The Mau Forest
This rainforest is considered as the largest indigenous forest that is situated in the Rift Valley. It covers the entire 675,000 acres and tagged as the largest water catchment in Kenya. Three countries including Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania (all are part of East Africa) is the location of Lake Victoria in which the river flowing from Mau Forest provides it with clean water. Since this forest has fertile soil, most of the people in Kenya attempted to deforest the forest to acquire more land due to its agricultural and economic purposes in the country. The local government of Kenya had already moved towards protecting the forest from people who are trying to threaten it. People living in the forest were evicted as well.
The Valdivian Rainforest
The rainforest is situated at the southern part of Chile in South America. Based on a certain non-profit organization, conservation international have ranked this rainforests to be included in top 25 world’s biodiversity hotspots. Around 90% of the plant life and approximately 70% of animal life in this rainforests are considered rare and hard to find in other parts of the world. The economic uprising of Chile comes from their main product which is wood pulp manufacturing and forestry that are found in this rainforest. However, this rainforest was threatened from human encroachment due to the establishments of highways. However, in exchange of damaged properties in this rainforest the local government of Chile had replaced it with pine trees and eucalyptus trees farms
The Sumatra’s Rainforest
The region of Sumatra is the largest region in Indonesia. Considering its large area, it is ranked as the 6th largest island in the world. This rainforest has various plant and animal life which are considered unique and hard to find in other parts of the world. However, it had suffered from human encroachment because the Indonesian citizens have exploited the trees from legal and illegal logging as well as with the expansions of oil palm plantations.
The Kelp Forests
The kelp forest in Australia had large sources of sea weeds. Some of these weeds grow for about 80 meters in total length. However, based on the recent reports, the total original land area of Kelp Forests had been declining and only 5% of its original size remains. This rainforests is very essential habitat for marine creatures. The main products from Kelp are being manufactured to thicken the foods like ice cream and jelly. Natural disaster such as El Nino is one of the major causes why the Kelp Forest had been heavily destructed. The increase in the sea water temperatures and decrease of dissolved levels of nutrients is the ultimate outcome of this scenario.
The Papua New Guinea Rainforest
The highland part of this country is covered with tropical rainforests. Approximately 70% of the entire area of PNG is being sheltered. There are more than 950 various species of birds and mammals are found in the rainforest. There are at least 20,000 different species of plants are existing there as well. Due to commercial logging and clearing of the area for the purpose of agricultural and plantation concerns, the rainforest had suffered from human threat too. The local government of the country is encouraging developed countries to conserve their own rainforest in order for them to minimize the industrialized emission from deforestation.
The Colombia Rainforests
Columbia is known as the 4th largest country in South America. It is home for rich tropical rainforests that considered as one of the highest biodiversity hotspots in the world. However, based on the current reports from United Nations the legal and illegal activity in the country such as mining, logging, development of energy, clearing of tress for small and large scale agricultural projects like oil palm plantations and cocaine farming are the major caused of human encroachment of the forest. The government of Columbia is now moving to preserve the forest.
The Madagascar’s Rainforests
Madagascar is the 4th largest island in the world. It has rainforests that houses approximately 80% of plans and animals which are hard to find in other parts of the world. The same story applies on it. The forest was threatened by people due to small scale agricultural purposes, mining, both legal and illegal loggings and charcoal production. Due to this activity, the forest was damaged and 90% of its original size was destroyed. Efforts of the Madagascar government have initiated the conservancy mechanism of their rainforest.
The Sinharaja Rainforest
Sri Lanka is considered as one of the biodiversity hotspots in the world. Their rainforest is the last viable one of its kind and the UNESCO considered them as one of the Worlds Natural Heritage Site. 18% of its natural rainforests had been destroyed. The civil war occurred that time have also caused deforestation.
The Malaysia’s Rainforest
Being the top of the best and beautiful tropical rain forest in the world, the Malaysia’s rainforest is the world’s most biodiversity forest. However, the forest also suffered from human destruction. There were studies that had been investigated that by the year 2020 the Malaysia’s rainforests will be extinct.